For any medical emergencies, call 102.
With kids, in particular, use hand sanitizer when you can.
Malaria is a risk in India, although there are few cases. But do take precautions, covering up in the evenings, using repellents and sleeping under a mosquito net.
Dengue fever is also a feature, particularly during monsoon season, so good precautions such as strong repellants and nets are vital.
Recommended vaccinations for general travel to India are Hepatitis A, Tetanus and Typhoid. See NHS site Fit for Travel
for more details.
Stick with bottled water, although sometimes tricksters seal bottles filled from a tap. Well known brands are safest but if it tastes odd, just leave it. Similarly, avoid ice if you are not sure.
Altitude sickness can occur in certain regions, so let your body adjust to the elevation slowly, and keep hydrated.
Coconut water is brilliant for rehydrating during extreme heat.
Keep kids away from dogs and cats, because rabies does exist in India, and kids’ natural inclination is to go and stroke the animals.
To avoid stomach upsets, look out for under-cooked fish or meat, salads which have been washed in unclean water, already peeled fruit and sometimes ice cream from street vendors.
Always travel with a basic medical kit, including Imodium for stomach upsets. Ensure to bring your own prescription medicines along with a copy of your prescription. If you do get dehydrated through illness or heat, the 1 tsp salt/8 tsp sugar/1 litre of water ratio combo works a treat.
Parasites are a common cause of diarrhea, and may not get better without treatment so if it goes on for more than two days, seek medical help.
There are venomous snakes in India, so look out for markings if you are bitten, seek help urgently and report which snake bit you.