Lanzarote nature reserves
The entire island of Lanzarote, thanks to its extraordinarily varied landscape, endemic flora and fauna and the way in which its inhabitants have harmoniously adapted the natural environment for their own uses, was designated a UNESCO Biosphere (MaB) in 1993. In 1994 the Chinijo Archipelago to the north of Lanzarote (comprising the 5 smaller islands of Montaña Clara, Alegranza, La Graciosa, Roque del Este, Roque del Oeste) was declared a marine reserve as one of the most important locations of marine biological diversity in the Canary Islands. Covering more than 90 square kilometres the Marine Reserve is one of the largest in Spanish waters.
Some 40 percent of Lanzarote’s land area is classified as a protected space or a natural park in order to further protect the island’s landscape and ecosystem.
Parque Nacional de Timanfaya - The National Park of Timanfaya
Located in the municipalities of Yaiza and Tinajo, the 51 square kilometres of the park contains the 25 craters of the volcanoes which erupted in 1730-36. The volcanoes are also known as the Montañas del Fuego. Find out more about Timanfaya National Park
Parque Natural de los Volcanes
Just outside the Natural Park of Timanfaya with an area of about 10 hectares, the Natural Park of the Volcanoes contains many volcanic formations and types of lava. Situated in the municipalities of Yaiza, Tinajo and Tias, the park can be accessed from the road which leads from Yaiza to El Golfo.
Monumento Nacional de los Ajaches
One of the oldest rock formations on the island, the protected area includes Punta de Papagayo and has some of the best beaches on the island.
Paisaje Protegido de Tenegüime
Covering an area of about 4 square kilometres in the north of the island and located in the municipalities of Haría and Teguise the protected landscape has many volcanic rock formations and endemic flora and fauna.
Monumento Nacional de la Corona
This is where the most recent volcanic eruptions of the island took place here in 1824. Located in the north east of Lanzarote the protected area contains older lava formations including volcanic tubes and flows which occurred some 4,000 years ago. There are endemic species of flora and fauna here which have adapted to survive in this challenging landscape.
Sitio de interés científico de los Jameos
The site of special scientific interest in the north east of the island includes the Jameos del Agua - the Centre of Art, Culture and Tourism designed by César Manrique.
The Jameos are openings into lava tubes which shelter endemic species which have adapted to living in total darkness, like the unique albino crab (Munidopsis Polymorpha). Included in the area is also the La Cueva de los Verdes in the municipality of Haría.
This fascinating 1 kilometre walk through the volcanic tunnel gives an unusual insight into the formation of these extraordinary volcanic formations which were caused by a violent eruption of the Corona Volcano nearly 2,000 years ago. The total length of the tunnel is more than 6 kilometres, extending under the sea and making it one of the longest such formations in the world. When Lanzarote was attacked by pirates and slavers in the early part of its history the Guanche or local inhabitants would seek refuge in the depths of the volcanic tube, and traces of their presence, from animal bones to simple tools are still found today. Find out more about Jameos del Agua
Paisaje protegido de La Geria
This 30 hectare area of protected landscape between San Bartolomé, Tías, Yaiza and Tinajo is the wine growing area of the island, with neat rows of curving walls protecting vines planted in the black volcanic pumice known as picón.
More than 5 million kilos of grapes are grown here annually to produce internationally acclaimed Malvasia wines.
Sitio de interés científico del Janubio
This wide area of salt pans beside the sea on the southern coast is visited by many species of migrating waders and other birds. Designated a site of scientific interest, the salt pans show how the inhabitants of the island harmoniously adapted the natural environment for their own use. There is a vantage point overlooking the salt pans which has excellent views of the entire complex.
Find out more about Lanzarote nature & wildlife