Turtle conservation travel guide

Turtle conservation vacations guide


Volunteering on a sea turtle conservation vacation is like being a midwife, minder and marine conservationist all at the same time. One minute you are either watching rare leatherbacks create nests, or helping guide their hatchlings safely to their natural habitat in the ocean, the next you are filling in spreadsheets with data to go on worldwide records. Because turtles are still seriously endangered. Either by climate change, fishing nets or poaching. Or the destruction of nesting habitats for development. Nests that are like long term care homes really. Because miraculously, females turtles – whether they are green, hawksbill, loggerhead, leatherback or olive ridley – return to the beaches where they were born to nest.
Turtle conservation vacations aim to protect these habitats, nesting turtles and their hatchlings so that populations can thrive once again. Rarely glamorous, these vacations involve camping, engaging local communities and collecting data night and day. However, when it comes to nature’s miracles, turtle conservation vacations are totally rare and totally glamorous.
Find out more in our turtle conservation vacations travel guide.

What we rate and what we don’t



Switching off Working with communities Ghana Good footwear

Switching off

These days, “connecting” is all about being online, checking social media and uploading beautifully filtered photos. But as a turtle volunteer, WiFi may be limited and flash photography is banned on night patrols. Instead, you’ll connect nature, spending days (and nights) on the sand and in the sea. You’ll connect with local communities, school children and likeminded volunteers. That’s the kind of connection we love.

Working with communities

Most volunteers have visions of themselves standing guard over nesting mothers and vulnerable hatchlings. But often, the most valuable volunteer work can be in education: teaching children about ecosystems and turtles, helping communities find alternative incomes to selling meat and eggs, explaining that eggs are not aphrodisiacs. It might not be as Instagrammable – but it’s a long term and effective solution, and it really works.


Turtle conservation in Ghana is very much in its infancy still – which is all the more reason to volunteer on its beaches, facing out into the Gulf of Guinea. On these sands, whipped by Saharan winds, you’re far more likely to be patrolling alongside local rangers rather than other tourists, as you protect nesting leatherbacks from poachers, fishing boats and heavy nets.

Good footwear

Living on a beach, you might think the only footwear worth packing is flip flops. But don’t underestimate how far you will be walking on night patrols. Getting to the end of a 5km beach and back is 10km, and with a few detours added in, the distances soon start to add up, so make sure your feet are comfy. Long sleeves and trousers are also handy; you won’t be cold, but mosquitoes are extra thirsty after dusk, so come prepared.


Costa Rica Family volunteering Thailand Sri Lanka

Costa Rica

In Pacuare Nature Reserve, on the Pacific coast, work with leatherbacks nesting in March-April, with hatching starting around May. Along the Pacific Coast, there are several project locations so you can choose the style of trip that suits you, from remote and rustic to more community focused. Alternatively, join a local scientist for a week long “expedition”, monitoring leatherbacks on an isolated, black sand beach.

Family volunteering

: A sea turtle conservation vacation is one of the best family volunteering placements out there. Many nesting seasons coincide with school vacations, the work is safe and easy to learn, and to top it off, you’ll be living on a beach. You many even find you’ve created a new generation of marine conservationists, scientists or activists – with lessons learned on the sand sure to stick for life.


With turtle conservation still hatching in Thailand, remote projects like one on Koh Phra Thong enable you to contribute to essential turtle monitoring and protection and escape tourist crowds, stay in homestays, educate communities and enjoy life on the beach. Not always leisurely, with packed days monitoring, teaching and restoring natural habitats – but it’s paying off, as turtle numbers are slowly rising.

Sri Lanka

A long running project in southwest Sri Lanka has been preserving nesting sites, maintaining hatcheries and caring for weaker hatchlings, releasing them only once they are strong enough to stand a chance of surviving at sea. In combination with classes in local primary school, the project has had an incredible impact on turtle numbers – this is a hugely rewarding project to volunteer on.


Tortoiseshell Aquariums Beachfront hotels Captive breeding


Richly coloured, exquisitely patterned and gently translucent; tortoiseshell has captivated craftspeople and aesthetes for centuries. But its origins are less beautiful: it comes from the shells of endangered sea turtles, mainly the hawksbill. Despite a ban on the tortoiseshell trade, there is a thriving black market, particularly in the Far East, and many turtles are killed each year for their shells, which sell for hundreds of pounds – or more.


Sea turtles are pelagic creatures, spending most if not all of their lives in the open ocean. No matter how pleasant an aquarium may seem, it can never recreate these conditions. Some aquariums exist to shelter sick or injured turtles, with some being rehabilitated and rereleased into the wild – but many turtles are held in captivity purely to entertain tourists and earn money for the aquarium. Avoid.

Beachfront hotels

We all love waking up right on the beach, or falling asleep to the sound of the waves. But if these are beaches where turtles nest, this can be disastrous. Mothers can become distressed and release their eggs at sea, while hatchlings, disorientated by the lights, may never find their way into the water. Do your research about how responsible these accommodations are – read more on our responsible tourism page.

Captive breeding

Breeding endangered species in captivity may seem like a good idea – but in practice, it rarely results in reintroduction into the wild, and when it does, there can be issues with genetic stock and interbreeding. In reality, many facilities are just glorified zoos. The worst case is that they are farms – which make money from visitors, from selling the turtles on to aquariums – and finally, from the turtle meat. Yes, really.

Turtle conservation day to day


You get people that expect luxury, people that aren’t prepared to just get involved with the local community and the local way of life. As a volunteer you are living amongst local people, that’s part of the amazing experience. You are living as locals do, meeting local people, and so you should be prepared to have less access to WiFi, and to sleep in a room with a fan rather than air con, share a bedroom, eat rice and beans every day because that’s what they do! There is some variation, they do try very hard to accommodate, but people with expectations shouldn’t do this sort of thing because it is so different, you are immersing yourself into a new country, culture and all that sort of thing, so if you expect things then it makes it very difficult for you to settle in.
I’d say the majority of people are solo travelers following on from that, families – and then we seem to attract quite a few honeymooners! It’s a bit different, certainly – and the couple that went this year were lucky enough to see the leatherback on their first night. So hopefully that’s an auspicious start to married life!
Photo credits: [Turtle hatchlings (topbox): Jeroen Looyé] [Switching off: Frontierofficial] [Working with communities: Frontierofficial] [Ghana: Stig Nygaard] [Good footwear: Frontierofficial] [Costa Rica: Steven Gerner] [Family volunteering: Oyster Worldwide] [Thailand: Phuket@photographer.net] [Sri Lanka: Frontierofficial] [Tortoiseshell:: grizzlymountainarts] [Aquariums:: Will Powell] [Beachfront hotels: : Riza Nugraha] [Captive breeding: : Harvey Barrison] [What does it entail?: Oyster worldwide]
Written by Catherine Mack
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