Romania Overview

When the Iron Curtain lifted from Romania, it revealed an undiscovered country of sturdy peaks, alpine plateaux, vast coastal wetlands and primeval woods roamed by bear, wolf and lynx. You can add to that rustic villages draped in timeless tradition and brightly hued medieval cities infused with myth. In rural Romania many people still farm by hand, produce their own food (and booze), and carve wood into everything from alpine horns to churches because they see no need to do otherwise. Today, the country’s natural splendour backdrops a rich cultural infusion of Saxon, Hungarian and Roma influences. Learn more in our Romania travel guide.

Our top Romania vacations

Carpathian Mountains conservation & culture vacation

From US $1799
8 days ex flights
Wolves, bears & sightseeing
Small group2021: 1 May, 22 May, 29 May, 12 Jun, 3 Jul, 24 Jul, 7 Aug, 14 Aug, 21 Aug, 11 Sep, 18 Sep, 2 Oct, 9 Oct

Romania vacation, the Beauty of Yesterday

From £1425
11 days ex flights
Small group tour to rediscover enchanting rural Romania

Best time to go to Romania

Romania scorches in summer, especially in the southern and eastern lowlands, with the beach often the best place to be during July and August. May can be rainy – but it’s also when twitchers start to flock to the Danube Delta. In April, blossoming trees and wildflowers are complemented by beautiful Easter celebrations. September is the best time to visit Romania for autumn colour and an explosion of mushrooms, plus days that are still long and warm. January and February are great for winter activities like snow sports or slower explorations of pristine white wilderness.
Romania temperature and rainfall chart

Map & highlights

The Carpathian Mountains encircle Transylvania. These hulking peaks are draped in primeval forests where hikers may catch glimpses of large carnivores. Your best bet for seeing bears, however, is by volunteering for a week at a sanctuary, whereas birdwatchers should head east for the Danube Delta. Sighisoara has colourful 16th-century houses, while the Hollywood-esque sign in the hills outside the Saxon town of Brasov will make you double take. Slightly west, Sibiu is one of Europe’s best-preserved medieval towns, and parts of the northern Maramures region resemble a Brothers Grimm fairy tale come to life.
Brasov

1. Brasov

The giant HOLLYWOOD-style sign on Mt Tampa's woody slopes seems brashly incongruous for a 12th century walled-and-turreted Saxon town whose beguiling old quarter underscores fairytale ties to the Pied Piper story. Visit the Black Church, eastern Europe's largest Gothic church, then listen to heraldic trumpeters at midday on the medieval cafe-lined Council Square (Piata Sfatului) - reputed site of Europe's last witch-burning.
Carpathian Mountains

2. Carpathian Mountains

Split into ranges like the flat-topped Bucegi, the Carpathians encircle Transylvania with lonely peaks cut through by spectacular gorges walled by 300m cliffs. Hike primeval forests and alpine meadows, while scanning for wolves, bears and lynx - or 50 species of wild orchid. Traditional Szekler villages dating to the 9th century provide colourful human counterpoint.
Danube Delta

3. Danube Delta

Europe's longest river ends its journey in an idyllic 4,200 sq-km wetland of floating reed islands, marsh and shifting sandbars by the Black Sea. It's a birdwatching nirvana with over 300 species of winged wonders from pelicans to red-breasted geese - but don't miss fishing hamlets like Crinan with its traditional reed houses, gorgeous secluded beaches at Sulina and Sfantu Gheorghe – or the renowned local fish soup!
Maramures

4. Maramures

A region that feels like a living exhibition of centuries-old rural life. Villagers dress like extras in a Brothers Grimm movie, while folk music and dance is celebrated at festivals such as August’s Hora de la Prislop. Wood craft encompasses immense ornately carved village gates or delicate musical instruments as happily as UNESCO-listed wooden churches.
Sibiu

5. Sibiu

One of Europe's best preserved medieval cities, Sibiu was dubbed the Red Citadel as Transylvania's first Saxon stronghold. Its bohemian blend of cobbled alleys and eye-popping squares comes with cultural treats like May's Jazz Festival, October film festival, Brukenthal gallery and Astra open-air architecture museum featuring 340 historic buildings. The strange eye-slit windows on its multicoloured houses are just as memorable.
Sighisoara

6. Sighisoara

Enchanting as a fairytale film set, Sighisoara's technicolour 16th houses nestle on cafe-lined lanes overlooked by onion-domed churches and the gorgeous medieval Clock Tower. Trace 14th century citadel walls, delve the History Museum, then get a bite at Casa Dracula – a restaurant carved from the 1431 birthplace of the infamous Vlad Tepes. The atmospheric nearby Saxon villages of Viscri and Biertan are also must-sees.

Culture

Those interested in Romanian culture will find plenty to savour among its beautifully preserved, living medieval towns and villages, particularly in the Maramures region, where they sometimes feel almost frozen in time. In the countryside many people still profess a belief in witchcraft and ancient folk tales abound. The UNESCO-listed painted churches of Maramures are a major cultural attraction, and you will find traditional handicrafts everywhere, from hand-woven shawls to homemade (and very potent) tuica. You can even stay with a genuine count for an introduction to Romania’s culture and history.

Transylvania

The Transylvania region will forever be linked with Dracula, but once you’ve got the obligatory wander around Bran Castle out of the way, there’s much more to vacations in Transylvania than just Bram Stoker’s classic novel. You can drive between pretty Saxon villages, watching out for horse-drawn carts laden with hay. There are magnificent medieval towns to explore such as Brasov and Sibiu, and abundant hiking in the Carpathians. And there are guided woodland treks with naturalist guides that show you how to track wild bears, as well as throwing in the chance to see them up close in a sanctuary.

Carpathian Mountains

The Carpathian Mountains are one of Europe’s most significant mountain chains, yet relatively under-explored. Where they pass through Romania, surrounding Transylvania, they form pristine walking terrain. You can hike from hay meadows to isolated mountain hermitages, gazing out over sunny pastures near Brasov. The Zarnesti Gorge in Piatra Craiului National Park offers a dramatic contrast, while other Carpathian Mountains vacations might take you deep into the forests where expert guides track wolves and bears. Horse riding and mountain biking are also good ways to explore, and if you visit in winter, a highlight could be a sleigh ride in the snow.

More vacation ideas

Transylvania vacation accommodation

From 100 to174
per person per night
Stay at a Count's guesthouse

Photography tour in Romania, Orthodox Easter

From £2310
11 days ex flights
Photography adventure through the heart of rural Romania.
Small group2021: 27 Apr

Transylvania self-drive vacation in Romania

From £795 to £950
14 days ex flights
Traditional Landscapes & Cultural Heritage - beyond Dracula.

Rural Romania photography tour

From £2730
13 days ex flights
Photography adventure through the heart of rural Romania.
Small group2021: 7 Oct

Transylvania vacation, Dracula tours in Romania

From 1289
7 days ex flights
Follow the steps of Harker in search of count Dracula

Biking vacation in Romania

From US $2049
9 days ex flights
Cycle through the beauty and mystery of Transylvania
Small group2021: 8 May, 15 May, 29 May, 31 Jul, 14 Aug, 28 Aug, 4 Sep, 18 Sep, 2 Oct

More about Romania

Family vacations

Romania can seem like a fairy tale come to life: dark forests full of mysterious predators; picturesque villages; ancient and ruined castles surrounded by myth. We don’t want to dwell on the Dracula stories, but kids will undeniably be drawn into the ghoulish legends around Transylvania, while also loving the chance to pitch in with tasks such as milking cows or stacking hay alongside a friendly farmer. Family vacations in Romania can also feature the Black Sea coast or hiking in the mountains between spring and autumn, while winter is all about tracking wild animals in the snow.

Wildlife

Forget the vampire bat nonsense – the wildlife in Romania is in the mountains and forests, not the castles. Predators prowl these primeval landscapes, including lynx, owls and wolves. If you want to see bears, your best chance is by volunteering at a bear sanctuary in the Carpathian Mountains set up to protect and rehabilitate animals that have escaped cruelty in zoos, circuses and cages. If birds are more your thing, the vast Danube Delta is a twitcher’s delight, and yes, there are bats, with lots of colonies in mountain caves – but they’re after bugs, not your blooood.

Types of vacations

Walking vacations in Romania immerse you in pristine, serene landscapes: the forested slopes and karst valleys of the Carpathian Mountains; Apuseni National Park; or iconic routes such as the Enchanted Way. You can also mix your trekking with snowshoeing in the winter. Wildlife is a big attraction in Romania, whether that’s the myriad birdlife in the Danube Delta or the shy predators stalking the forested Carpathians. And in winter, the snowfall makes this scenery even more fairy tale-like. Crackling fires and plum brandy warm you up after chilly days exploring by skis, snowshoes or sleighs.
[Culture: David Stanley] [Transylvania: Alexander Slash] [Carpathian Mountains: Cinty Ionescu] [Family vacations: Gabriel] [Wildlife: Chris Kearney] [Types of vacations: Majkl Velner]
Photo credits: [Page banner: andrea floris] [Culture: David Stanley] [Transylvania: Alexander Slash] [Carpathian Mountains: Cinty Ionescu] [Family vacations: Gabriel] [Wildlife: Chris Kearney] [Types of vacations: Majkl Velner]
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