Inca Trail tips

Advice from our friends in Peru

Inca Trail permits

Inca Trail permits have always been issued for the following season starting in January or February each year. However, in September 2017, the authorities announced that they would be releasing permits for the 2018 season from 1st October 2017. As with all permits, these can only be obtained via a licenced tour operator. There are a maximum of 500 permits per day for the Inca Trail, but as over half of these are used by porters and guides, permits sell out very quickly - especially for the peak trekking months of April, May and August.

If you miss out on a permit, you can always trek one of the alternative routes to Machu Picchu, such as Lares or Salkantay. No permits are required for these.

Booking tips

Adam Walker, from our supplier Saddle Skedaddle, shares his Inca Trail tips for making a booking: "The thing I would stress most about the Inca Trail is how important it is that people get their act together. They only sell 500 permits a day, and around 300 of those are for guides and porters, so people just don't realise how far in advance they have to book it. Five to six months is on the safe side. If people call us three months before the high season, it might be too late."

Inca trail planning tips

Simon Forster
Simon Forster is the co-founder of our supplier, The Beyond Tourism Co. Here is his tip for planning your trek to Machu Picchu:
"Make sure you know if you're getting a private guide or if you're part of a bigger group. People sometimes don't realise they could be added to a bigger group, even if they've booked a tailor made tour. The nature of the trail means you will always end up walking with other people anyway, but it does mean you won't have a guide to yourself."

Inca trail trekking tips

Kathy Jarvis is the director of our supplier, Andean Trails, and has recently updated Bradt's Peru Trekking guide. Here are her Inca Trail tips on preparing for the trek: "Make sure you acclimatise as much as possible. The more acclimatised you are, the more you'll enjoy it. You can suffer a lot if you try and force your body too high, too soon - as well as it being dangerous. So allow as much time as possible as you can before trekking. And then it's a case of having the right clothes - good kit, jackets, waterproofs, warm gloves, hats... It's also better to bring your own sleeping bag. There are some for hire, but it's quite a personal thing!"

Health & safety

Travel safely on the Inca Trail


  • Treat altitude with respect. It does not matter how fit you are, or how many times you've been at high altitudes before - the symptoms are unpredictable, and the only real cure is descending. Dehydration makes altitude sickness worse - you need to drink much more at high altitudes. Pay particular attention to children, even if they are not hiking. Kids under three should not travel to high altitudes at all.
  • Spend as many days as you can acclimatising in Cuzco before hiking the Inca Trail - you'll really appreciate it. Be sure you travel with a responsible guide who can recognise the symptoms of altitude sickness and respond in an appropriate way,
  • Alcohol makes altitude sickness worse - and altitude makes hangovers worse. So it's definitely best avoided.
  • It may be cold in the mountains, but the sun is especially fierce up there - and you're still near the equator. Always wear sunscreen and a hat, and ensure kids are well protected.
  • Lima has good quality, 24-hour medical facilities. Cuzco is good but not as well equipped. Ensure your travel insurance covers medical/emergency repatriation.
  • Street food is a wonderful travelers' treat - but be extremely careful with what young children eat as diarrhoea is especially dangerous for them. Avoid washed salads, unpeeled fruit and juices made with unpurified water or ice cubes.
  • Consult your doctor or travel clinic before travel - they may be able to prescribe antibiotics and antidiarrhoeal medication to take with you, as well as recommending other items such as antihistamines, rehydration salts and medication for altitude sickness which you can take with you.
  • You'll need to pack a water purifier or purification tablets for the Inca Trail. The tablets can be purchased in Cuzco.
  • Consult the latest health advice for Peru.


Thefts are not uncommon in Peru - particularly in the cities, and during local festivals, when crowds make it hard to keep an eye on bags and pockets. Remember: around half of the population lives below the poverty line, so don't walk around carelessly displaying valuables.
Crime is unusual on the trail, but do leave valuables in a hotel safe in Cuzco and keep all belongings inside your tent at night - no matter how damp and smelly your shoes may be.
Scams include someone bumping into you, fighting kids or someone spilling something on your clothes - all to provide a distraction for a pickpocket.
Avoid camping alone in remote areas.
Public transport can be dangerous, especially minibuses which are often overfilled and can drive recklessly fast along mountain switchbacks.
Tourism police ("Poltur") are employed in the main cities and towns. Thanks to Peru's dependence on tourism, they are pretty efficient.
Consult the latest safety advice for Peru.

Inca Trail tips from our travelers

Recommendations from those who have been there

At Responsible Travel, we think the best people to advise our travelers are often... other travelers. They always return from our tours with packing tips, weather reports, ideas about what to do - and opinions about what not to.

We have selected some of the most useful Inca Trail tips that our guests have provided over the years to help you make the very most of your vacation - and the space inside your suitcase.
I would definitely recommend exercising before taking this vacation. It isn't overly tough, but training will allow you more enjoyment from it. - Anthony Spencer

On the third day there's an optional detour to a set of ruins called Intipata. It only adds about 20 or 30 minutes walking but hardly anyone goes there so you have the place to yourself - definitely worth it. - Graeme Cade

Bring lots of extra toilet paper and Pepto Bismol. Make sure you have extra batteries for cameras, since there won't be anywhere to charge them. Take a day in Aguas Calientes to recover from the hike - we did and others we spoke to who left the same day they arrived were simply exhausted. - Christy Smith

Plan for a few extra days in Cuzco and around the Sacred Valley, there is a lot to see apart from the trail. - Panagiotis Christakos

Listen to the advice of your guides who really know their stuff. As they say, it's not a race and 'the last is first'. - Linda James

The trail was tough mainly because of the altitude - at sea level this would have been a relatively easy 'walk-up' for a fit person. - Norman Meehan

It is nice to stay in modern hotels and travel on trains, but let your guides take you to the markets and try and fit in a stay with a local family to get an idea of life in Peru. - Chris Simmons

Have some Soles in small denominations as change is very hard to find. - Keith Charters
Photo credits: [Runkuracay: funkz] [Kids: Danielle Pereira] [Passport: Amelia Shepherd Photography]
Written by Vicki Brown
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